This ceremonial hat (Botolo) was worn by Ekonda chieftains. The hat consists of wicker woven into a tier-construction, which is then adorned with large circular brass discs. Red and white designs in natural pigments decorate the hat.
The material objects that validate village-based chieftaincy are the Botolo, a special kind of raffia headwear, along with a stool (Mbata).
The authority of the chief is conferred by the elders of the village, and is associated with the powers of the ancestors, important ritual functions, and divination.
Estimated Period: First Half of 20th Century
Ex Private Collection, Belgium
M. J. Arnoldi, & C.M. Kreamer (1995)Crowning Achievements: African Arts of Dressing the Head, Fowler Museumof Cultural History, University of California, p.44