This chieftain's crown (misango mapende) would have been worn as a symbol of prestige. Knoblike extensions feature at the front, back and top of the headpiece. This Pende crown is embellished with intricate multihued beaded patterns, arranged in zigzig, triangular and circular designs.
As a visual metaphor for political power, and the wealth and prestige associated with leadership, beads formed an important part of Pende royal regalia.
Ex Private Collection, UK
M.J. Arnoldi & C.M. Kreamer (1995) Crowning Achievements: African Arts of Dressing the Head, p. 100